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On December 8, 1854, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception in the apostolic constitution Ineffabilis Deus.
A little more than three years later, on February 11, 1858, a young lady appeared to Bernadette Soubirous. T
his began a series of visions. During the apparition on March 25, the lady identified herself with the words: “I am the Immaculate Conception.”